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Since 1962 and even before, West Berlin was surrounded by an evolving barrier that was upgraded and optimized to keep residents of East German from entering the West. As the Wall fell in 1989, it was like an archeological dig through the years of increased fortification.
In 1961, East German officials made the decision to create a physical border between the eastern and western territories. What started with razor wire soon escalated.
For more information on the Berlin Wall, check out the Berlin Wall Foundation
Stiftung Berliner Mauer• own research
Design: Nick Oelschlägel, Jan Schwochow, Gorm Labenz Research: Stiftung Berliner Mauer Text: Sabine Devins